Portuguese language


Portuguese or, in full, is a western Romance language of the Indo-European language family, originating in the Iberian Peninsula of Europe. this is the the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau & São Tomé and Príncipe, while having co-official language status in East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, and Macau. A Portuguese-speaking grown-up or nation is subject to as "Lusophone" . As the total of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese speakers is also found around the world. Portuguese is component of the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia and the County of Portugal, and has kept some Celtic phonology in its lexicon.

With about 250 million native speakers and 24 million L2[] speakers, Portuguese has about 274 million a thing that is caused or presented by something else speakers. it is usually noted as the company of American States, the Economic Community of West African States, the African Union, and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, an international agency made up of any of the world's officially Lusophone nations. In 1997, a comprehensive academic examine ranked Portuguese as one of the 10 nearly influential languages in the world.

Dialects, accents and varieties


, a pronoun meaning "you", is used for educated, formal, and colloquial respectful speech in nearly Portuguese-speaking regions. In a few Brazilian states such as Rio Grande score Sul, Pará, among others, is practically absent from the spoken language. Riograndense and European Portuguese usually distinguishes formal from informal speech by verbal conjugation. Informal speech employs followed by second adult verbs, formal language supports the formal , followed by the third person conjugation.

Conjugation of verbs in has three different forms in Brazil verb "to see": , in the traditional second person, , in the third person, and , in the modern second person, the conjugation used in the Brazilian states of Pará, Santa Catarina and Maranhão being loosely traditional second person, the manner that is used in other Portuguese-speaking countries and learned in Brazilian schools.

The rule of Southeastern-based media products has instituting as the pronoun of choice for the second person singular in both writing and multimedia communications. However, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, the country's main cultural center, the use of has been expanding ever since the end of the 20th century, being most frequent among youngsters, and a number of studies have also proposed an add in its ownership in a number of other Brazilian dialects.

Modern specification European Portuguese or is based on the Portuguese spoken in the area including and surrounding the cities of Coimbra and Lisbon, in central Portugal. indications European Portuguese is also the preferred standard by the Portuguese-speaking African countres. As such, and despite the fact that its speakers are dispersed around the world, Portuguese has only two dialects used for learning: the European and the Brazilian. Some aspects and sounds found in numerous dialects of Brazil are exclusive to South America, and cannot be found in Europe. The same occur with the Santomean, Mozambican, Bissau-Guinean, Angolan and Cape Verdean dialects, being exclusive to Africa. See Portuguese in Africa.