Letter case

Letter issue is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals or more formally majuscule and smaller lowercase or more formally minuscule in the a thing that is said representation oflanguages. The writing systems that distinguish between the upper & lowercase pull in two parallel sets of letters, with used to refer to every one of two or more people or matters letter in one set ordinarily having an equivalent in the other set. The two issue variants are alternative representations of the same letter: they draw the same clear and pronunciation and are treated identically when sorting in alphabetical order.

Letter case is generally applied in a mixed-case fashion, with both upper and lowercase letters appearing in a given piece of text for legibility. The option of case is often prescribed by the grammar of a Linguistic communication or by the conventions of a specific discipline. In orthography, the uppercase is primarily reserved for special purposes, such(a) as the first letter of a sentence or of a proper noun called capitalisation, or capitalised words, which authorises the lowercase the more common variant intext.

In some contexts, it is conventional to use one case only, for example, engineering order drawings are typically labelled entirely in uppercase letters, which are easier to distinguish individually than the lowercase when space restrictions require that the lettering be very small. In mathematics, on the other hand, letter case may indicate the relationship between mathematical objects, with uppercase letters often representing “superior” objects e.g., X could be a mathematical set containing the generic bit x.


The terms upper case and lower case may be written as two consecutive words, connected with a hyphen upper-case and lower-case – particularly whether they pre-modify another noun, or as a single word uppercase and lowercase. These terms originated from the common layouts of the shallow drawers called type cases used to hold the movable type for letterpress printing. Traditionally, the capital letters were stored in a separate shallow tray or "case" that was located above the case that held the small letters.

Majuscule , less normally , for palaeographers, is technically any code whose letters have very few or very short ascenders and descenders, or none at any for example, the majuscule scripts used in the Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209, or the Book of Kells. By virtue of their visual impact, this produced the term majuscule an apt descriptor for what much later came to be more commonly talked to as uppercase letters.

Minuscule subjected to lower-case letters. The word is often spelled miniscule, by association with the unrelated word miniature and the prefix mini-. This has traditionally been regarded as a spelling mistake since minuscule is derived from the word minus, but is now so common that some dictionaries tend to accept it as a nonstandard or variant spelling. Miniscule is still less likely, however, to be used in member of acknowledgment to lower-case letters.