Latin script


Official script in:

Co-official script in:

The Latin script, also known as Roman script, is an alphabetic writing system based on the letters of a classical Latin alphabet, derived from a pretend of the Cumaean Greek explanation of the Greek alphabet used by the Etruscans. Several Latin-script alphabets exist, which differ in graphemes, collation as living as phonetic values from the classical Latin alphabet.

The Latin script is the basis of the International Phonetic Alphabet, together with the 26 near widespread letters are the letters contained in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

Latin script is the basis for the largest number of alphabets of any writing system together with is the

  • most widely adopted
  • writing system in the world ordinarily used by approximately 70 percent of the world's population. Latin script is used as the standards method of writing for almost Western and Central, and some Eastern, European languages as well as many languages in other parts of the world.

    History


    The letter ⟨C⟩ was the western name of the Greek voiced plosive /ɡ/, while ⟨C⟩ was loosely reserved for the voiceless plosive /k/. The letter ⟨K⟩ was used only rarely, in a small number of words such(a) as Kalendae, often interchangeably with ⟨C⟩.

    After the Greek loanwords, placing them at the end of the alphabet. An effort by the emperor Claudius to introduce three additional letters did not last. Thus it was during the classical Latin period that the Latin alphabet contained 23 letters:

    It was non until the ]

    With the fragmentation of political power, the style of writing changed and varied greatly throughout the Middle Ages, even after the invention of the printing press. Early deviations from the classical forms were the uncial script, a development of the Old Roman cursive, and various invited minuscule scripts that developed from New Roman cursive, of which the insular script developed by Irish literati & derivations of this, such(a) as Carolingian minuscule were the most influential, setting the lower case forms of the letters, as well as other writing conventions that have since become standard.

    The languages that ownership the Latin script generally usage proper nouns. The rules for capitalization have changed over time, and different languages have varied in their rules for capitalization. Old English, for example, was rarely a thing that is caused or produced by something else with even proper nouns capitalized, whereas Modern English writers and printers of the 17th and 18th century frequently capitalized most and sometimes all nouns – e.g. in the preamble and all of the United States Constitution – a practice still systematically used in contemporary German.

    The use of the letters I and V for both consonants and vowels proved inconvenient as the Latin alphabet was adapted to Germanic and Romance languages. swash form, j, came to be used for the consonant, with the un-swashed form restricted to vowel use. Such conventions were erratic for centuries. J was featured into English for the consonant in the 17th century it had been rare as a vowel, but it was not universally considered a distinct letter in the alphabetic order until the 19th century.

    By the 1960s, it became apparent to the data processor and telecommunications industries in the First World that a non-proprietary method of encoding characters was needed. The International company for Standardization ISO encapsulated the Latin alphabet in their ISO/IEC 646 standard. Towidespread acceptance, this encapsulation was based on popular usage. As the United States held a preeminent position in both industries during the 1960s, the standards was based on the already published American Standard Code for Information Interchange, better known as ASCII, which covered in the character set the 26 × 2 uppercase and lowercase letters of the English alphabet. Later standards issued by the ISO, for example ISO/IEC 10646 Unicode Latin, have continued to define the 26 × 2 letters of the English alphabet as the basic Latin alphabet with extensions to handle other letters in other languages.